National Education Policy 2020 has been declared by the Union Government. This is the first major educational reform after decades has been introduced with the announcement of the National Education Policy 2020. This is a major reform after the introduction of the age-old 10+2+3 system of education. The system will offer 3 to 6 years of pre-school grooming time for the students. The new educational system as per the National Education Policy 2020 will also offer students to undergo a four-year integrated bachelor’s degree for under graduate students.
The structure and objective of educational boards will also undergo major revamp and the conventional style of mugging up data will be discontinued. The assessment criteria will be purely based on core competency of the student and not their capability to memorize data. This is planned to be implemented from 2021 academic year onward. Once it is all set, the National Education Policy will be a game changer
From 2022 onward the students who seek admissions to universities will have to appear for a University entrance examination, where their aptitude for the particular stream opted will be assessed. There will not be stiff partitions between subjects like science, arts, curricular, non-curricular subjects etc. The system will include more soft skill elements in core academics.
Change in the Schooling System
The current system has classes from 1 to 10 at secondary level and 11 and 12th standard at higher secondary level. The new system will have 5 years of foundation education starting from the age 3. After those 5 years next 3 years will be preparatory education, where their future stream of study is chosen. Next three year will consist of middle school followed by 4 years of secondary schooling. In effect the present 8th standard to 12 standard will come under higher secondary education.
Students will have flexibility to select the subjects they wish to study. The role of board exams will be to test the competency of the students. The present 3 language system will continue in the proposed National Education Policy 2020. However, importance will be given to mother tongue during elementary education. Students will have internships and vocational training. 10 ‘Bag-less’ days will also be there, every year, meaning that they need not bring books on those days. The days will be fully dedicated to hands on training.
The New system of Collegiate Education
A National Testing Agency will be constituted and they will conduct eligibility exams twice an year. 4-year vocational bachelor degree will be offered with multiple credit-based exit points. Students can take a break mid term and re join for the course later. They can also get certified for the credits that they have already earned. Colleges may be given autonomy status in a span of 15 years and the affiliation to University system will cease to exist. The deemed University states will also end. Top Indian institution will get an opportunity to go global and to operate form foreign countries. In the same way, foreign universities will be allowed to operate from India as well.
For many years, it was a topic of discussion in many forums about the Educational system in India. Narendra Modi governments decision to implement a new educational system in India at par with global status is worth appreciable. Positive comments are pouring in from various corners regarding the reform. Senior Congress leader and former HRD Minister Shashi Tharoor welcomed the National Educational Policy and appreciated the Government for taking the decision. It is definite that the newly introduced National Education Policy 2020 will be a game changer for the academic and professional fraternity of India.